New Artificial Intelligence System Automatically Evolves to Evade Internet Censorship | College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences

The researchers developed a tool called Geneva (short for Genetic Evasion), which automatically learns how to circumvent censorship. Tested in China, India and Kazakhstan, Geneva found dozens of ways to circumvent censorship by exploiting gaps in censors’ logic and finding bugs that the researchers say would have been virtually impossible for humans to find manually.

Source: New Artificial Intelligence System Automatically Evolves to Evade Internet Censorship | College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences

Researchers Build Artificial Synapse Capable of Autonomous Learning | University of Arkansas

Researchers from France and the University of Arkansas have created an artificial synapse capable of autonomous learning, a component of artificial intelligence. The discovery opens the door to building large networks that operate in ways similar to the human brain.

Source: Researchers Build Artificial Synapse Capable of Autonomous Learning | University of Arkansas

What happens when the Trump administration ignores AI | VentureBeat | AI | by Rishon Blumberg, 10x Management

“Ignoring AI now means the United States will lag behind more forward-thinking countries that invest in AI today. While the United States waits “50 to 100 years” for AI to become a reality of life, other countries will be doing the hard work, laying the necessary infrastructure, and gaining from machine learning, and the human learning that goes along with it.”

Source: What happens when the Trump administration ignores AI | VentureBeat | AI | by Rishon Blumberg, 10x Management

Navy’s Autonomous Swarm Boats Move Closer to the Battlefied | WIRED

“Future versions of these systems will be armed with non-lethal weapons that could shut down the engines of the targeted boat, and even lethal weapons that could be remotely operated by humans from afar,” says military analyst Peter Singer. “Israel, for instance, has a version that’s armed with a machine gun.”

Source: Navy’s Autonomous Swarm Boats Move Closer to the Battlefied | WIRED

Neuroscientists Say Simple Mathematical Logic Underlies Complex Brain Computations | Neuroscience | Sci-News.com

“Many people have long speculated that there has to be a basic design principle from which intelligence originates and the brain evolves, like how the double helix of DNA and genetic codes are universal for every organism,” Dr. Tsien said.

“We present evidence that the brain may operate on an amazingly simple mathematical logic.”

Source: Neuroscientists Say Simple Mathematical Logic Underlies Complex Brain Computations | Neuroscience | Sci-News.com

The Extraordinary Link Between Deep Neural Networks and the Nature of the Universe

Artificial neural networks are famously based on biological ones. So not only do Lin and Tegmark’s ideas explain why deep learning machines work so well, they also explain why human brains can make sense of the universe. Evolution has somehow settled on a brain structure that is ideally suited to teasing apart the complexity of the universe.

This work opens the way for significant progress in artificial intelligence. Now that we finally understand why deep neural networks work so well, mathematicians can get to work exploring the specific mathematical properties that allow them to perform so well. “Strengthening the analytic understanding of deep learning may suggest ways of improving it,” say Lin and Tegmark.

Deep learning has taken giant strides in recent years. With this improved understanding, the rate of advancement is bound to accelerate.

Source: The Extraordinary Link Between Deep Neural Networks and the Nature of the Universe

Power to the People: How One Unknown Group of Researchers Holds the Key to Using AI to Solve Real… — Medium

What’s needed for AI’s wide adoption is an understanding of how to build interfaces that put the power of these systems in the hands of their human users. What’s needed is a new hybrid design discipline, one whose practitioners understand AI systems well enough to know what affordances they offer for interaction and understand humans well enough to know how they might use, misuse, and abuse these affordances.

Source: Power to the People: How One Unknown Group of Researchers Holds the Key to Using AI to Solve Real… — Medium

What to do with billions of useless humans?

 

“AI today is able to diagnose your personality and emotional state by looking at your face and recognizing tiny muscle movements. It can tell whether you are tired, excited, angry, joyful, in love … it can tell these things even though AI itself doesn’t feel anger or love.

”In the future, therefore, AI could “drive humans out of the job market and make many humans completely useless, from an economic perspective” in areas where human interaction was previously considered crucial, Harari said.

“In customer services departments they have started using AI to assess the emotions of people who are calling,” he said. “AI analyzes the tone of your voice and choice of words … and recognizes both your personality type and also your immediate emotional condition.”

Source: What to do with billions of useless humans?

Stuart Russell interviewed about A.I. and human values.

The worst thing is a machine that has the wrong values, but is absolutely convinced it has the right ones, because then there’s nothing you can do to divert it from the path it thinks it’s supposed to be following. But if it’s uncertain about what it’s supposed to be following, a lot of the issues become easier to deal with because then the machine says, OK, I know that I’m supposed to be optimizing human values, but I don’t know what they are. It’s precisely this uncertainty that makes the machine safer, because it’s not single minded in pursuing its objectives. It allows itself to be corrected.

Source: Stuart Russell interviewed about A.I. and human values.